Wide Blog Theme

09.04.10

Música y derechos colectivos indígenas: Homenaje a Difang e Igay Duana / A Difang and Igay Duana tribute / (1921-2002)


En 1996, cuando el éxito musical Retorno a la inocencia retumbó en los campos olímpicos como tema de las Olímpiadas de Atlanta, casi nadie en los estrados sabía que las voces cautivadoras eran aquéllas de los indígenas ami de Taiwan.

La compañia EMI  y  el grupo Enigma fueron demandados por plagio y violación de los derechos colectivos de autor del pueblo Ami y de sus interpretes Difang y su esposa Igay.

Many may not be familiar with his name, but millions across the globe will recognise this indigenous Ami  traditional singer's voice.

A sample of his plaintive Elder's Drinking Song chant was used by Michael Cretu as the backbone for Enigma's Return to Innocence which went on to become one of Enigma's biggest selling singles.

However Cretu had not obtained Difang's permission prior to using the chant which prompted a court-case in 1996 that saw the two settle out of court three years later with Difang being compensated.

The controversy around the case propelled Difang into the international spotlight, and Dan Lacksman (whose most famous project had been the first Deep Forest album) approached him to produce an album together.

Released by Rock Records Japan in 1998 Circle of Life is a mesmerising combination of Lacksman's usual electronic drumloops, ambient synths and sounds carefully constructed so as not to interfere with Difang's heart-felt singing based on traditional Taiwanese songs of love, work and celebration.

Slower, more laid-back beats support songs like Visiting Song and the contemplative Fully Laden with Riches with its tinkling piano instrumentation and Difang's characteristic yodelling calls. However the more upbeat tracks like Love Song (with Deep Forest style lead synth-flute) and Working Song (with its dark string theme) are the real highlights of the album.

As an obvious reference to the court-case with Enigma, Lacksman made his own, gentler modernisation of Elder's Drinking Song as well as including the original version of the chant unaccompanied on the CD. With the layered and more reverential sound of Circle of Life we see Lacksman mature as a world music producer, in comparison to his previous outings such as Pangea.

Difang was a prominent producer and supporter of Taiwanese aboriginal artists. His last work was to be the solo-outing Across the Yellow Earth in 2001, sadly just as Difang was gaining much-deserved international acclaim, he passed away (blood poisoning due to a centipede bite) in March 2002 at the age of 82. His wife who, whose vocals accompanied Difang's chants, passed away a month later.

 

*****************

En 1996, cuando el éxito musical Retorno a la inocencia retumbó en los campos olímpicos como tema de las Olímpiadas de Atlanta, casi nadie en los estrados sabía que las voces cautivadoras eran aquéllas de los indígenas ami de Taiwan.

Grabado por la estrella internacional del pop, Enigma, millones de copias de Retorno a la inocencia fueron vendidos. Entretejido en la grabación se encontraba un tono creciente y con eco de una tradicional canción ami interpretada por el grupo cantor de Difang. Sin embargo, los cantantes indígenas de Taiwan no aparecieron en la lista de los créditos del disco de Enigma ni recibieron regalías por haber usado sus voces. Esto desató un litigio resuelto con un sustantivo acuerdo económico colectivo.

El inolvidable tono ami que Enigma insertó en su canción de éxito fue cantado por Difang, su esposa, hermano, cuñada y otro miembro de la tribu. La grabación original de los cantantes ami fue hecha para Los sonidos más hermosos de la música aborigen de Taiwan, una compilación de cantos publicada por la compañía francesa Auvidis Records hace algunos años.

La compañia EMI  y  el grupo Enigma fueron demandados por plagio y violación de los derechos colectivos de autor del pueblo Ami y de sus interpretes Difang y su esposa Igay.

 

Links

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Difang_and_Igay_Duana

http://www.gio.gov.tw/info/noticia97/99/7/p2.htm


Wide Blog Theme

 

Archivo de prensa - CEPPDI -  www.politicaspublicas.net